Books on jainism and jain philosophy hindu website. Buddhism is a polytheistic religion and its main goal is to gain enlightenment. The place of worship for jains and hindus are commonly known as the temple. Jain beliefs fundamental beliefs of jainism the soul is bounded by karma from the beginning of time the principles governing the successions of life cycles birth, life, and death is karma. The word jain is taken from the word jina, which means getting victory over thy self and the peripheral world. Dundas looks at jainism in its social and doctrinal context, explaining its history, sects, scriptures and ritual, and describing how the jains have, over 2500 years, defined themselves as a unique religious community. Unlike monotheistic traditions, the jains do not have a unique holy book that characterises their faith. In both there are lot of holy books in which many are comman. Traditions, holy days, and rites of passage what is jainism. The essence of jainism is concern for the welfare of every being in the universe and for the health of universe itself. Hindus are in a similar position, even though they have the vedas, which can be considered the ultimate source of teaching. List of world religions and founders, religious books.
Although this symbol was misused by the nazis of germany in the last century, the original jain symbol signifies peace and wellbeing. The religion states that the tirthankara taught in a divine preaching hall called samavasarana, which. Holy book and place of worship of sikhism,jainism, buddhism. In the digambara tradition, the texts written by kundakunda are highly revered and have been historically influential. Paradham, vallabh baug lane, tilak road, ghatkopar east, mumbai, maharashtra 400077, india phone. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Jainism is an ancient religion from india that teaches way to liberation by living the lives of harmlessness and renunciation. The holy text of the zoroastrians is the avesta, composed in a language belonging to the early iranaian group of languages and resembling the language of the vedas. The videvat are religious law books laying down codes of conduct and procedures for penance. Jainism ritual practices and religious institutions. The holy books in hinduism are there only for guidance. The jinas are considered more respectable than the gods.
Jainism jainism ritual practices and religious institutions. The digambaras and svetambaras have different views on ascetic practices, gender and which jain texts can be. Jainism is an eastern religion with origins in the indus river valley dating back to 3000 b. Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, pantheistic, panentheistic, pandeistic, henotheistic, monotheistic, monistic, agnostic, atheistic or humanist. The holy book of jainism is a collection of texts known as agam literature or the agam sutras. Like the buddha, renounced the world, and plucked out all his hair. These texts are collectively known as agams, the sacred books of the jain religion. The indian religion of jainism, whose central tenet involves nonviolence to all creatures, is one of the worlds oldest and leastunderstood faiths. One of the oldest known religious texts is the kesh temple hymn of ancient sumer, a set of inscribed clay tablets which scholars typically date around 2600 bce. The holy teachers are called the jina, and they are the epitome of teaching for all jains, especially the jina mahavira. Each evening of paryushan, the laity gather for prayer, meditation and readings from holy texts.
Within sikhism, the holy book is called the sri guru granth sahib. But jainism is different than buddhism in its ascetic beliefs. Patheos offers a free and expansive library of easytoread information on the worlds religious traditions. Mahavira, also known as vardhamana was the 24th tirthankara of jainism. But in the last ohase they looking one answer of spritiual puzzle and jainism found the answer and jain. Jainism incorporates the traditional hindu concepts of karma and reincarnation, but rejects the veda scriptures, castes and the idea of a creator god. Find here a list of selected books on the various aspects of jainism, jain history, jaina philosophy, practices, values and beliefs, thirthankaras, life and teachings of mahavira and jaina tradition. Jains are strict vegetarians and live in a way that minimises their use of worlds. The daily prayer book the parsis use everyday is khordeh avesta the smaller avesta. The book presents jainism in a way that is authentic and engaging to specialists and nonspecialists alike. Unlike christianity or islam, it is a not a religion that is governed by the book. Jainism ritual practices and religious institutions britannica. Jainism may be considered extreme, but this extremism is directed to ones self and not to others. They are believed to have been verbally transmitted by the oral tradition from.
The teachings of the twenty four tirthankaras were first composed in fourteen purvas and later in twelve angpravishthaagams an ang being a limb by ganadhars themselves. The jain swastika appears in all temples and holy books, and during ceremonies, a swastika is created using rice. Hinduism includes a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions, but has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophets nor any binding holy book. Each of the three jain sects may celebrate slightly different festivals so not all jains will celebrate every holiday. The goal of life in jainism is to reach liberation by a life of purification, discipline, and nonviolence as taught by the tirthankaras. Jains are recognised by their symbol which is the swastika. Michael tobias has described nonviolance ahimsa in great details. According to jain tradition, lord rishabh was the first interpreter of ahinsa nonviolence.
Jain tradition holds that mahavira was born in the early part of the 6th century bce into a royal kshatriya jain family in presentday bihar, india. During this time the laity often vow to spend a considerable amount of time fasting or studying for somewhere between eight and ten days. And even if they show love and sympathy to others it will yield no good result. We sometimes come across traditions where devotion is shown by killing other people or persecuting them in the name of god. Buddhism is 600bc and certainly post vedic but jainism is pre vedic and. In india, monks and nuns take up residence in jain centers during this period, providing guidance to the laity. The legendary accounts of mahaviras life preserved by the jain scriptures. Instead they have a body of holy writings or scriptures. Hence, the jain religion does not have one sacred book like the bible or koran, but. Along with hinduism and buddhism, jainism is one of the three most ancient indian religious traditions still in existence and an integral part of south asian religious belief and practice.
Hence, the jain religion does not have one sacred book like the bible or koran, but it has many books complied by many followers. There are nine fundamental philosophies in the jain tradition, they are called the nav tattvas nine fundamentals and they are. This sutra explains the daily rituals the monks and nuns have to perform. One of the most important is paryushana, or coming together. Buddhism vs jainism difference and comparison diffen.
Indian religions, hinduism, jainism, sikhism, christianity. So he could be called a reformer of the jain religion or rejunevator of. He abandoned all worldly possessions at the age of about 30 and left home in pursuit of spiritual awakening. Unlike most common monotheistic religions, jainism does not have one holy book that characterizes their faith. This is one of the most important differences between the two groups in jainism, and it means that jain texts have very different roles for the two groups of jains. The earliest surviving sanskrit text by umaswati called the tattvarthasutra is considered authoritative jain philosophy text by all traditions of jainism. Agama is a sanskrit word which signifies the coming of a body of doctrine by means of transmission through a lineage of authoritative teachers. Jainism religion bhagwan mahavir jain symbol belief. The thought will not be reflected in love but in hate.
Even religious scriptures were considered possessions and therefore knowledge. Jainism, indian religion teaching a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence ahimsa, literally noninjury to all living creatures overview. Guru is a sanskrit word for teacher, and within sikhism it is the title given to the 10 spiritual leaders of sikhism dating from 1469 ad to 1708 ad as well as the sri guru granth. This booklet provides a brief summary of each agama with a few key sutras highlighted. Library of world religions and faith traditions patheos. The epic of gilgamesh from sumer, although only considered by some scholars as a religious text, has origins as early as 2150 bce, and stands as one of the earliest literary works that includes various mythological figures and themes. Jains celebrate numerous festivals and celebrations. The soul is described as a sort of eternal energy which is indestructible, invisible, and shapeless. The world of jainism this is the best book on jainism. This page provides information about important jain texts. It is considered to be much more than a book, it is deemed to be the living guru of the sikhs. An introduction, is a thoroughly researched overview of the jain tradition, a religion and set of philosophical constructs that.
Jainism, indian religion teaching a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment. Buddhism is centered upon the life and teachings of gautama buddha, whereas jainism is centered on the life and teachings of mahavira. He was the spiritual successor of 23rd tirthankara parshvanatha. All hindu and jain belongs in one phylishophy origionaly so many things are commmon. The religious scripture of the jains are known as agama. The library also includes a variety of lenses and summaries to assist you in bringing. Neither of these religions their religious philosophy around worship. This page lists some jain festivals and holy days, including the birthday of mahavira and paryushana, which started as a monastic day of reflection. Jainism is an ancient religious and philosophical tradition that is thought to have originated in the ganges river basin.
The devotion in jainism is directed only to ones self. Jains see these texts, which are the transcriptions of lord mahavirs sermons, as sacred documents. There remain some 4 million jains in india, spread mainly between five states, and there is also a small but influential community of emigrants in both europe and the united states. Jainism is one of the most ancient religions that originated in eastern india and it was founded around the 6th century. Shri arun kumar jain, by the name suggests that he is a jain, knows nothing of jainism when he says that jainism and buddhism are post vedic, starting in the later vedic period as he puts it to 600bc. Jain holidays and festivals largely revolve around important events such as births and deaths in the lives of the thirthnkaras, or saints.
However, the holy books in hinduism are the basis on which we have evolved our culture and way of. The religious scriptures are not followed word to word. In india, they share this feature with the buddhists. Our intention behind our actions of body, mind, and speech bind us with karma. Google answer we does not consider 1 book there were so many granths were there some granths. Collectively these texts are called jain canonical or agam literature. What are some similarities between hinduism and jainism. Lord mahavir, popularly regarded as the founder of jainism, was the last of the tirthankars who flourished from 599 to 527 b.1023 324 939 594 867 673 644 1098 526 118 1089 935 1402 393 1371 1328 1199 768 695 248 713 1179 460 1208 1160 553 712 1435 938 510 752 1334 1172 219